Medicine In WWI

Medical in World War One

Alex and Nereida
During world war one many struggles came amongst people. Whether it be them lacking in technology or them lacking in medical assistance. World War one was a horrible time that people lived through. Believe it or not some people did live through it and had trauma. After it was all over, people went home with serious depression and stress. Every little thing scared them and there were mentally wrecked and could never be rearranged to be correct in the head. Some lived without limbs and others. Sadly it was just an awful time.
World War one wasn’t prepared with enough people to help those who were injured. The medical teams were put under a lot of stress and pressure to save the injured or sick soldiers. Some of the techniques they came up with were very helpful and managed to save thousands of soldiers. Those techniques that did work have carried over throughout years and are still being used today. For example, the Splint was introduced in 1916 during the time of the World War One. They found ways to use boards and materials they had to support a leg or arm that was injured or infected to the point where it needed serious medical attention. Although they had some medical people, those medical people weren’t close, and if they were the process of saving someone took far too long which lead to many people dying. From the battlefield they placed an injured solider on a stretcher and took them to an aid post to diagnosis them with whatever seemed to be wrong. From the aid post they put you in what used to be an ambulance, which was a cart that carried people over into the clearing station. In the clearing station they determined whether or not they could fix you there or if you needed to be put onto the train and taken to the hospital. Once they arrived in the hospital as many treatments that could be applied were done instantly hoping to save a life.
As time progressed more things were developed and more infections became treatable, meaning more of those soldiers survived. Antibiotics were developed in 1928 which have continued over into the 20th century. Soldiers that had open wounds were given antibiotics and the “Carrel-Dakin” technique was used. The “Carrel-Dakin” technique consisted of sodium hypochlorite, which is like peroxide that we use now. This was applied right to the wound, which caused burning but beat infections quicker than any other method they’d had before. Since in this time they didn’t have many of the more technical mediations that they had in WW2, they used chemicals they found or had as weapons, minerals that were easily accessible, and metals such as mercury to supplement herbal drugs. Cancer had been developed before this time, so people were still struggling from cancer. During these times when it wasn’t too hectic, people were being treated for cancer. In some places radiation and therapy was available but it was far from the battlefield. As well as radiation, chemotherapy and pysco-therapy was available to those who needed it.
While people were nearly dying, “shamans” were said to ‘cure’ diseases. Some people believed that this worked, others didn’t believe in this. As well as “shamans”, insulin, morphine, and vaccinations were available. Those who had diseases were held in a completely different Ares from those who were on the battlefield and were being injured. If you were severely injured and needed to be taken to the hospital, if it was available blood transfusions were used to treat soldiers. Unlike now, the blood was taken directly from one soldier and put into another hoping that the quick transition helped save a soldier’s life. Saline bags were used to keep soldiers alive and providing them with nutrients and the like.

Citations
http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zs3wpv4#z3n4mp3

http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/themes/treatments.aspx

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