How Trench Warfare changed warfare

The question I have been researching is if World War I changed warfare? The topic I chose was Trench Warfare; Trench Warfare was mostly fighting and trying to stay alive. Trench Warfare changed war by using new tactics and weaponry.

Trench Warfare was where the action happened and where the blood was shed. Their way of life consisted of rest, breakfast, war, watching guard, dinner, watching guard again, and sleep. If caught sleeping while on duty is penalty for death by firing squad. Sometimes there would be an unofficial truce, while food and drink would be served. If it went on longer the generals would end the truce.

The main focus I researched was the daily life in a trench. Like routines and there chores. Sicknesses soldiers would get were mostly rats with infectious disease. There were always a surplus of rats gorging on human remains, and grow to the size of rats. The soldiers were more feared by rats then war, this rat problem lasted for the duration of the war. Soldiers had chores they have to do given by NCO’s like refilling sandbags and repairing the duck boards on the floor of the trench.

Trench Warfare used new tactics that changed warfare by using line defense. In World War I the tactics were different line of defense like, “no man’s land, the front lines, and the supporting line” the front lines was always being attacked by the enemies, supporting line was not attacked unless the front lines were breached. For them to breach the front lines they would need to go through no man’s land which was risky because of the mortar strikes and soldiers in the trench. Before World War I the “Battle of Philipi” they met face to face with their enemies. Once meeting they would go into a full on brawl instead of weapons they used swords, bows, spears, shield. These weapons made the battle gruesome and bloody. The way they had formation was in giant squares of soldiers, the bowmen would stay on cliffs or something higher than the enemies, and this would give them the advantage on enemies.

German trenchCitations

(Duffy, Michael. “Life in the Trenches” First World War, http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/trenchlife.htm, accessed on October 21, 2014) By Ethan Amaro

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