How Chemical Warfare Changed War

How World War 1 did changed warfare? World War 1 changed warfare because it was the first war to introduce chemical warfare. When was chemical warfare first used, what is chemical warfare, what were its effects and how did it change modern warfare? Chemical warfare changed modern warfare.

Chemical warfare is the mixing of deadly chemicals that they would weaponesed those deadly chemical mixtures in different ways like opening barrels of them from the trenches or putting them in grenades. “As gas grenades agents the German army.” http://www.compoundchem.com/2014/05/17/chemical-warfare-ww1/. Since the beginning the world war scientist started working on the chemical weapons. They were first used in the battle of Ypres and loos to get people out of the trenches and kill them as well.

There were 4 different types of chemical weapons that were used in World War 1 there was mustard gas, tear gas, chlorine gas and phosphine gas. Mustard gases effects were that they irritated the eyes skin and repertory tract causes chemical burns and reacts with D.N.A leading to cell death http://science.howstuffworks.com/mustard-gas3.htm. Tear gases effects were irritation of the mucus in the membranes in the eyes leading to crying coughing breathing difficulties and temporary blindness.http://chem.answers.com/reactions/health-effects-of-cs-tear-gas then the effects of chlorine gas were that it changed the water in your lungs turning it into hydrochloric acid. Last the effects of phosphine gas is that it causes suffocation coughing difficulty breathing and irritation to the thought and eyes also it can cause delayed effects not evident for 48 hours including fluid in the lungs and death.
So now that we have told you what chemical warfare is as well as when it was first used and the effects, we are now going to answer the question, “How did chemical warfare change warfare?” Well simply speaking there is no exact answer to this question; this is due to the fact that the creation and evolution of chemical warfare has affected countless aspects of war. First and foremost it was cause for the development of gasmasks and other anti-chemical equipment for soldiers. Such things as gas masks, chemical sensor equipment and hazmat suits have come to be. In addition to this, specialized units such as the U.S. army’s Chemical Corps or CBRN have been developed to defend countries from the specific threat of chemical weapons. The most recent of chemical defenses is perhaps one of the smallest, a small auto injector. This auto injector is filled with a mixture of drugs including atropine, pralidoxime, chloride, and diazepam. The injector is now given to every US servicemen as it is the only known antidote to the most dangerous chemical agent/weapon ever created. After exposure the auto injector has to be pressed directly into the heart. This highly dangerous chemical agent is the deadly VX nerve agent. This chemical weapon is so dangerous a drop the size of Lincoln’s eye on a penny is lethal. Which brings me to another effect of the emergence of chemical warfare, a chemical cold war of sorts leaving the United States of America, Russia, China, Germany, and other countries with stockpiles of dangerous chemical weapons such as VX, sarin gas and many others. However before you have a panic attack we are, in theory, safe. This is due to the fact that the use of chemical weapons in world war one, led to restrictions of international proportions on chemical weapons. The sheer brutality of these weapons and the scale on which they could be used as well as their effectiveness scared people after WW1. The U.N. (United Nations) has bans against the use of chemical weapons of any kind as well as the Geneva Convention which also bans the use of chemical weapons. These bans now keep a strict hold on the use of these extremely dangerous weapons, a recent example of this was in Syria where chemical weapons (Sarin gas) were used on civilians, leading to convulsions, respiratory failure, and in some death. By using these weapons President Bashar Assad, violated U.N. regulations and the Syrian government was punished, mainly by United States’ airstrikes. These new and dangerous weapons have changed warfare in massive ways, but if one way were to rise above the rest it would be the brutality of these weapons, which scared people after world war one, there had to be a limit to what one human being could do to another, this is that limit.

Works Cited:
Observer, The. “Germany Gains Ground Using Forbidden Gas Weapons.” The Guardian. Manchester Guardian. Web http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/09/first-world-war-ypres-gas-germany accessed on 17 Oct. 2014.
Davies, Caroline. “Ypres, Where the Last Post Plays Every Single Day.” The Guardian. The Observer, 8 Nov. 2008. Web assessed on 17 Oct. 2014. .
Interest, Compound. “Chemical Warfare: Poison Gases in World War 1.” Compound Interest. Compound Interest, 17 May 2014. Web. accessed on 18 Oct. 2014. .
Briggs, Josh. “How Stuff Works (Mustard Gas) – HowStuffWorks “Science”” How Stuff Works. How Stuff Works, 13 May 2008. Web accessed on 18 Oct. 2014. .
Jones, Chad. “Health Effects of CS Tear Gas.” Chemistry Answers. Chemistry Answers. Web assessed on 18 Oct. 2014. .
Disease Control, Center For. “PHOSPHINE: Lung Damaging Agent.” Centers For Disease Control and Prevention. CDC, 12 May 2011. Web assessed 17 Oct. 2014. .

Videos about our topic:

Photos:

donkey and soldiers with gas masks

donkey and soldiers with gas masks

2 dogs with gas masks and a soldier with gas mask in trenches

2 dogs with gas masks and a soldier with gas mask in trenches

Advertisements

One thought on “How Chemical Warfare Changed War

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s